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Nymphaea alba (White water lily)

Nymphaea alba

Botanical Name:    Nymphaea alba

Common Name(s):    White water lily

Family:    Nymphaeaceae (Water lily)

Genus:    Nymphaea

Species:    Alba

Plant Type:    Perennial, Aquatic

Height:    1-5 ft (30-150 cm)

Spread:    Up to 150 cm

Bloom Time:    June to August

Bloom Color(s):    White

Leaves:    Green

Range:    Europe, Turkey, Iran and Pakistan


Nymphaea alba (White water lily) is a species of flowering plant in the nymphaeaceae family. It is native to Europe, Turkey, Iran and Pakistan. It is an aquatic perennial plant that grows in ponds and lakes from 1-5 ft (30-150 cm) deep. It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The flower are white, bowl-shaped, 10-20 cm in diameter, with yellow stamens in the center. Petals are 20-25, white, ovate-oblong, 1.2-2.4 in. (3-6 cm) long. The leaves are dark green, suborbicular, cordate-oval, 4-12 in. (10-30 cm) in diameter, with long petioles. Fruit is semiglobose, 2.5-3 cm. Seeds ellipsoid, 2-3 mm, smooth. Grown in water in full sun, It cannot grow in the shade.

How to Grow

Sun:    Full sun


Soil:    Poorly-drained, Neutral, Acid or Alkaline, Clay or Loam

Propagation:    Seed